zmq_device(3)

zmq_device(3)

ØMQ Manual - ØMQ/2.0.11

Name

zmq_device - start built-in ØMQ device

Synopsis

int zmq_device (int device, const void *frontend, const void *backend);

Description

The zmq_device() function starts a built-in ØMQ device. The device argument is one of:

ZMQ_QUEUE
starts a queue device
ZMQ_FORWARDER
starts a forwarder device
ZMQ_STREAMER
starts a streamer device

The device connects a frontend socket to a backend socket. Conceptually, data flows from frontend to backend. Depending on the socket types, replies may flow in the opposite direction.

Before calling zmq_device() you must set any socket options, and connect or bind both frontend and backend sockets. The two conventional device models are:

proxy
bind frontend socket to an endpoint, and connect backend socket to downstream components. A proxy device model does not require changes to the downstream topology but that topology is static (any changes require reconfiguring the device).
broker
bind frontend socket to one endpoint and bind backend socket to a second endpoint. Downstream components must now connect into the device. A broker device model allows a dynamic downstream topology (components can come and go at any time).

zmq_device() runs in the current thread and returns only if/when the current context is closed.

Queue device

ZMQ_QUEUE creates a shared queue that collects requests from a set of clients, and distributes these fairly among a set of services. Requests are fair-queued from frontend connections and load-balanced between backend connections. Replies automatically return to the client that made the original request.

This device is part of the request-reply pattern. The frontend speaks to clients and the backend speaks to services. You should use ZMQ_QUEUE with a ZMQ_XREP socket for the frontend and a ZMQ_XREQ socket for the backend. Other combinations are not documented.

Refer to zmq_socket(3) for a description of these socket types.

Forwarder device

ZMQ_FORWARDER collects messages from a set of publishers and forwards these to a set of subscribers. You will generally use this to bridge networks, e.g. read on TCP unicast and forward on multicast.

This device is part of the publish-subscribe pattern. The frontend speaks to publishers and the backend speaks to subscribers. You should use ZMQ_FORWARDER with a ZMQ_SUB socket for the frontend and a ZMQ_PUB socket for the backend. Other combinations are not documented.

Refer to zmq_socket(3) for a description of these socket types.

Streamer device

ZMQ_STREAMER collects tasks from a set of pushers and forwards these to a set of pullers. You will generally use this to bridge networks. Messages are fair-queued from pushers and load-balanced to pullers.

This device is part of the pipeline pattern. The frontend speaks to pushers and the backend speaks to pullers. You should use ZMQ_STREAMER with a ZMQ_PULL socket for the frontend and a ZMQ_PUSH socket for the backend. Other combinations are not documented.

Refer to zmq_socket(3) for a description of these socket types.

Return value

The zmq_device() function always returns -1 and errno set to ETERM (the ØMQ context associated with either of the specified sockets was terminated).

Example

Creating a queue broker

//  Create frontend and backend sockets
void *frontend = zmq_socket (context, ZMQ_XREP);
assert (backend);
void *backend = zmq_socket (context, ZMQ_XREQ);
assert (frontend);
//  Bind both sockets to TCP ports
assert (zmq_bind (frontend, "tcp://*:5555") == 0);
assert (zmq_bind (backend, "tcp://*:5556") == 0);
//  Start a queue device zmq_device (ZMQ_QUEUE, frontend, backend);

See also

zmq_bind(3) zmq_connect(3) zmq_socket(3) zmq(7)

Authors

This ØMQ manual page was written by Pieter Hintjens <moc.xitami|hp#moc.xitami|hp>

Resources

Main web site: http://www.zeromq.org/

Report bugs to the ØMQ development mailing list: <gro.qmorez.stsil|ved-qmorez#gro.qmorez.stsil|ved-qmorez>

Copying

Free use of this software is granted under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL). For details see the files COPYING and COPYING.LESSER included with the ØMQ distribution.