zmq_recv(3)

zmq_recv(3)

ØMQ Manual - ØMQ/2.0.11

Name

zmq_recv - receive a message from a socket

Synopsis

int zmq_recv (void *socket, zmq_msg_t *msg, int flags);

Description

The zmq_recv() function shall receive a message from the socket referenced by the socket argument and store it in the message referenced by the msg argument. Any content previously stored in msg shall be properly deallocated. If there are no messages available on the specified socket the zmq_recv() function shall block until the request can be satisfied. The flags argument is a combination of the flags defined below:

ZMQ_NOBLOCK
Specifies that the operation should be performed in non-blocking mode. If there are no messages available on the specified socket, the zmq_recv() function shall fail with errno set to EAGAIN.

Multi-part messages

A ØMQ message is composed of 1 or more message parts; each message part is an independent zmq_msg_t in its own right. ØMQ ensures atomic delivery of messages; peers shall receive either all message parts of a message or none at all.

The total number of message parts is unlimited.

An application wishing to determine if a message is composed of multiple parts does so by retrieving the value of the ZMQ_RCVMORE socket option on the socket it is receiving the message from. If there are no message parts to follow, or if the message is not composed of multiple parts, ZMQ_RCVMORE shall report a value of zero. Otherwise, ZMQ_RCVMORE shall report a value of 1, indicating that more message parts are to follow.

Return value

The zmq_recv() function shall return zero if successful. Otherwise it shall return -1 and set errno to one of the values defined below.

Errors

EAGAIN
Non-blocking mode was requested and no messages are available at the moment.
ENOTSUP
The zmq_recv() operation is not supported by this socket type.
EFSM
The zmq_recv() operation cannot be performed on this socket at the moment due to the socket not being in the appropriate state. This error may occur with socket types that switch between several states, such as ZMQ_REP. See the messaging patterns section of zmq_socket(3) for more information.
ETERM
The ØMQ context associated with the specified socket was terminated.
EFAULT
The provided socket was not valid (NULL).

Example

Receiving a message from a socket

/* Create an empty ØMQ message */
zmq_msg_t msg;
int rc = zmq_msg_init (&msg);
assert (rc == 0);
/* Block until a message is available to be received from socket */
rc = zmq_recv (socket, &msg, 0);
assert (rc == 0);
/* Release message */ zmq_msg_close (&msg);

Receiving a multi-part message

int64_t more;
size_t more_size = sizeof more;
do {
    /* Create an empty ØMQ message to hold the message part */
    zmq_msg_t part;
    int rc = zmq_msg_init (&part);
    assert (rc == 0);
    /* Block until a message is available to be received from socket */
    rc = zmq_recv (socket, &part, 0);
    assert (rc == 0);
    /* Determine if more message parts are to follow */
    rc = zmq_getsockopt (socket, ZMQ_RCVMORE, &more, &more_size);
    assert (rc == 0);
    zmq_msg_close (&part); } while (more);

See also

zmq_send(3) zmq_getsockopt(3) zmq_socket(7) zmq(7)

Authors

This ØMQ manual page was written by Martin Sustrik <moc.mpb052|kirtsus#moc.mpb052|kirtsus> and Martin Lucina <ks.anletok|otam#ks.anletok|otam>.