ØMQ Manual - ØMQ/3.2.6


zmq_msg_send - send a message part on a socket


int zmq_msg_send (zmq_msg_t *msg, void *socket, int flags);


The zmq_msg_send() function is identical to zmq_sendmsg(3), which shall be deprecated in future versions. zmq_msg_send() is more consistent with other message manipulation functions.

The zmq_msg_send() function shall queue the message referenced by the msg argument to be sent to the socket referenced by the socket argument. The flags argument is a combination of the flags defined below:

Specifies that the operation should be performed in non-blocking mode. If the message cannot be queued on the socket, the zmq_msg_send() function shall fail with errno set to EAGAIN.
Specifies that the message being sent is a multi-part message, and that further message parts are to follow. Refer to the section regarding multi-part messages below for a detailed description.

The zmq_msg_t structure passed to zmq_msg_send() is nullified during the call. If you want to send the same message to multiple sockets you have to copy it using (e.g. using zmq_msg_copy()).

A successful invocation of zmq_msg_send() does not indicate that the message has been transmitted to the network, only that it has been queued on the socket and ØMQ has assumed responsibility for the message.

Multi-part messages

A ØMQ message is composed of 1 or more message parts. Each message part is an independent zmq_msg_t in its own right. ØMQ ensures atomic delivery of messages: peers shall receive either all message parts of a message or none at all. The total number of message parts is unlimited except by available memory.

An application that sends multi-part messages must use the ZMQ_SNDMORE flag when sending each message part except the final one.

Return value

The zmq_msg_send() function shall return number of bytes in the message if successful. Otherwise it shall return -1 and set errno to one of the values defined below.


Non-blocking mode was requested and the message cannot be sent at the moment.
The zmq_msg_send() operation is not supported by this socket type.
The zmq_msg_send() operation cannot be performed on this socket at the moment due to the socket not being in the appropriate state. This error may occur with socket types that switch between several states, such as ZMQ_REP. See the messaging patterns section of zmq_socket(3) for more information.
The ØMQ context associated with the specified socket was terminated.
The provided socket was invalid.
The operation was interrupted by delivery of a signal before the message was sent.
Invalid message.


Filling in a message and sending it to a socket

/* Create a new message, allocating 6 bytes for message content */
zmq_msg_t msg;
int rc = zmq_msg_init_size (&msg, 6);
assert (rc == 0);
/* Fill in message content with 'AAAAAA' */
memset (zmq_msg_data (&msg), 'A', 6);
/* Send the message to the socket */
rc = zmq_msg_send (&msg, socket, 0); assert (rc == 6);

Sending a multi-part message

/* Send a multi-part message consisting of three parts to socket */
rc = zmq_msg_send (&part1, socket, ZMQ_SNDMORE);
rc = zmq_msg_send (&part2, socket, ZMQ_SNDMORE);
/* Final part; no more parts to follow */ rc = zmq_msg_send (&part3, socket, 0);

See also

zmq_recv(3) zmq_send(3) zmq_msg_recv(3) zmq_socket(7) zmq(7)


This ØMQ manual page was written by Martin Sustrik <moc.mpb052|kirtsus#moc.mpb052|kirtsus> and Martin Lucina <ks.anletok|otam#ks.anletok|otam>, and Pieter Hintjens <moc.xitami|hp#moc.xitami|hp>.